How to Get a Passport Photo of an Infant

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How hard is it to take a photo that has to meet a litany of specific criteria when your subject doesn’t understand, doesn’t listen, has no head control, can’t stand, can’t sit-up, cries or sleeps frequently, and just all around isn’t really able to cooperate with the process?  Well, it’s not the easiest thing we have ever done, but taking a passport photo of an infant is doable with a few tips, and a little luck and patience.

First, here are the requirements that the US State Department set forth for all passport photos:

  • In color
  • Printed on matte or glossy photo quality paper
  • 2 x 2 inches (51 x 51 mm) in size
  • Sized such that the head is between 1 inch and 1 3/8 inches (between 25 and 35 mm) from the bottom of the chin to the top of the head. View the Photo Composition Template for more size requirement details.
  • Taken within the last 6 months to reflect your current appearance
  • Taken in front of a plain white or off-white background
  • Taken in full-face view directly facing the camera
  • Taken with a neutral facial expression (preferred) or a natural smile, and with both eyes open
  • Taken in clothing that you normally wear on a daily basis

They also offer some additional guidelines in the FAQ related to photographing infants and children:

  • The child must be the only person in the photo. Nothing used to support the child should be in the camera’s frame, including the arms or hands of a parent holding the child.
  • It is acceptable if an infant’s eyes, particularly a newborn’s, are not, or are not entirely, open.  All other children must have their eyes open and looking straight ahead towards the camera.
  • Tip 1: Lay your baby on his or her back on a plain white or off-white sheet. This will ensure your baby’s head is supported and provide a plain background for the photo. Make certain there are no shadows on your baby’s face, especially if you take a picture from above with the baby lying down.
  • Tip 2: Cover a car seat with a plain white or off-white sheet and take a picture of your child in the car seat. This will also ensure your baby’s head is supported.

How to Get a Passport Photo of an Infant:

Given all of those requirements and tips, we decided to get a passport photo of our then three week old at home ourselves.  Not only would we save a little bit doing it ourselves, but it just all around sounded simpler than expecting a local drug store or post office employee to be able to get a better photo of our infant than we could do at home.  There is just no telling what mood she would be in during our visit to either of those places, and no telling how long the whole process might take.

Teamwork to get an acceptable infant passport photo

Teamwork to get an acceptable infant passport photo

Since it is acceptable for a newborn’s eyes to be closed in the passport photo, the path of least resistance is undoubtedly to take the photos when the baby is peacefully asleep and not squirming, crying, moving, etc. and call it a day.


Easiest to get a passport photo of a newborn when they are sleeping

While they are sleeping, you can probably easily position them against a white sheet on the floor, bed, over a car seat, swing, etc. and take several photos of their head straight on toward the camera.

Round 2 of getting a passport photo of an infant

Round 2 of getting a passport photo of an infant

I don’t recommend zooming in too much when taking the photo as it then won’t be possible to have the head just take up 1 – 1 3/8 inches of the 2 inch photo.

Of course, we wanted to try to get a photo with her eyes open even though we didn’t really have to (just because we like to make things more difficult I suppose), so we worked through some squirming, crying, etc. to finally come up with this photo that we then had to size using online tools to try and meet the dimension requirements.


I was a little worried about the photo not 100% meet the requirements since the head technically takes up a little more of the frame and one ear isn’t totally shown, but I was also hopeful that some discretion is used on newborn photos since they aren’t exactly the easiest subject to photograph.  Not to mention that when Baby S is a toddler and preschooler traveling with this passport for the next five years it isn’t going to really look like her anyway!

If you are doing your own child or adult passport photos at home, there are several online tools that will help you size your photos to the appropriate dimensions.  We used the free do-it-yourself service via and then we uploaded the sheet of 2 x 2 photos to where it was then sent to my local Walgreens to print for 29 cents.  There are several similar passport photo sizing sites available online, and ePassportPhoto also has some services available where they size the photo for you.  I actually found some of the questions and answers on their Facebook page pretty helpful.

When all was said and done I wasn’t 100% sure if our photo would work or not, but I decided to give it a try since it seemed pretty decent considering we were working with a 3 week old infant.  In the end, it worked just fine and Baby S now has her very own US passport – now on to getting her Global Entry…

Best one month birthday present ever...freedom to travel.

Best one month birthday present ever…freedom to travel.

If you want some other tips on the process of applying for passports for your infant check out this post as well as this one that tells how I almost blew it by forgetting one key item at home!

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    • Steve, it was free when I used it. The DIY tool was pretty simple but it is a few dollars if you need them to help you with the process.

  1. Good post, Summer. I too wanted my 3 day old to have her eyes open for her picture. Form the time I decided to take the picture to the time I got a usable shot was about an 1/2 hour.

    We are doing NEXUS for the family. It is only $50 for the adults and kids are free with. Global Entry and PreCheck come as a part of this. You have to got to Canada for the interview, but we are going to make a weekend in Montreal out of it. ( I suppose this is much easier for some who is Boston based vs being Houston based.) NEXUS is not reimbursed by one of the credit cards, but I don’t have one of those now anyway.

    • Yes that is what we did for Little C in YVR but just using card reimbursement for Baby S for now. Hope to get her NEXUS next time though!

  2. Don’t consider the government’s possible “leniency.” I submitted my own photo for my renewal recently, and it was returned because the off-white background was “too gray!”

  3. Was fun reading this… Our son was born in April this year and we went through the same process with some of the same bottlenecks when we obtained his passport in May/June.

    Hope to see a follow-up on the Global Entry comment… both my wife and I have ours already, but our son doesn’t.

  4. Great tips!!! We currently live in Germany (aka: travel ALL the time) and are expecting our first in March. Out of all the things that I SHOULD be doing, getting on my list, etc my top priority for when Lil B arrives is to get that passport!!! Can’t wait to share the world with this little one

  5. Great article about where to get passport photos. At we can show you how to make passport photos, and even baby’s first passport photos, meet all official regulations to ensure your passport application is approved first time.

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